categories of hadeeth-various ways

Abdul Basit
14 kind of Hadith. Read the book namely Usule hadiths:-
Abdul Basit With regard to the categories of hadeeth, the scholars have various ways of categorizing different types of hadeeth, in each of which they examined the hadeeth from a specific angle.

When they looked at the issue of who the hadeeth was attributed to, they divided the hadeeth into the following categories:
1. Hadeeth qudsi
This is a hadeeth transmitted to us from the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him), in which he attributes the words to his Lord, may He be glorified and exalted, and in which the narrator says: The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said, narrating from his Lord, may He be glorified and exalted, and so on.
2. Marfoo ‘ hadeeth
This is a hadeeth in which words, actions, approval or a description are attributed to the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him).
3. Mawqoof hadeeth
This is a hadeeth in which words, actions, approval or a description are attributed to the Sahaabi, i.e., it is words or actions that came from the Sahaabi, not from the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him).
4. Maqtoo ‘ hadeeth
This is a hadeeth in which words, actions, approval or a description are attributed to the Taabi‘i. It may also be known as “athar” (a report).

When they looked at the isnaads of the hadeeth, which are the chains of narrators who transmitted the hadeeth from the one who spoke it, they divided the hadeeth into the following categories:
1. Mutawaatir: if the hadeeth was narrated via many isnaads and narrations.
2. Ahaad (or ghareeb): if the hadeeth was narrated via only one isnaad and one narration; this was also called al-ghareeb al-mutlaq or al-fard al-mutlaq. But if the hadeeth was narrated by one Taabi‘i from one Sahaabi, then two or more narrators transmitted it from the Taabi‘i, this is called gharaabah nisbiyyah, i.e., it is ghareeb or aahaad with regard to the narration of that Taabi‘i from the Sahaabi.
When the hadeeth scholars looked at the ruling on the hadeeth, and whether it was to be accepted or rejected – and perhaps this is the main point of the question – they divided them into the following categories:
1. Maqbool (accepted): if the hadeeth fulfilled the conditions of acceptability and was fit to be quoted as evidence and acted upon.
2. Mardood (rejected): if it did not fulfill the conditions of acceptability.
Then they divided the accepted hadeeths into a number of categories:
1. Saheeh: if it fulfilled the highest conditions of acceptability.
2. Hasan: if it fulfilled the minimal conditions of acceptability.
In many cases the hadeeth scholars used other terms in addition to the terms mentioned above. For example, they sometimes call a hasan isnaad “jayyid”; sometimes they describe a saheeh hadeeth as “in accordance with the conditions of the two shaykhs (al-Bukhaari and Muslim)”; and other similar phrases. Although there are sometimes subtle differences between these terms, our aim in this answer is to make these categories easy to understand in general terms.
The hadeeth scholars divided the rejected hadeeths into several categories:
1. Da‘eef (weak): if it failed to meet any of the conditions of acceptability.
2. Mawdoo‘ (fabricated): if its isnaad includes anyone who was a liar or accused of lying.

And Allah knows the best

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