Mufti Akmal Sahab has told about the Aqida of Hazir Nazir in brief in this clip..
Definition according to Ahlus sunnah and clearing misconception first:
“In the world, the Shariah meaning of Hazir and Nazir is this that The Holy Prophet whilst being present in one single place sees all the worlds [aalam] as if he was looking at them in the palm of his hand and hears all voices from near and afar, or that in one moment he can travel the whole universe and help those in need of help even if they be hundreds of kos away. Offcourse this is by Will of Allah and Allah’s permission as every thing is by Will of Allah
When The Prophet Muhammad [Peace be upon him] is referred to as Hazir it does not mean he is present everywhere at the same time, rather Hazir means the Prophet is Present and the belief is that He is present at his Grave, but can also be present at other places at the any given time as Allah wills.
And By Nadhir it is meant that he is Seeing and Hearing Creation, and if you have doubts about this being possible for a creation of Allah then you don’t have to look too far for other examples, The Angel of Death is able to see the world as it would be on the Palm of a Hand.
Now coming towards proofs
[[Objection which is made][hr]
Can any knowledgeable member please clarify this Hadith for me which is often quoted by ppl belonging to a particular group in negation of Hadhir Nadhir…
Volume 8, Book 76, Number 533:
Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:
The Prophet stood up among us and addressed (saying) “You will be gathered, barefooted, naked, and uncircumcised (as Allah says): ‘As We began the first creation, We shall repeat it..’ (21.104) And the first human being to be dressed on the Day of Resurrection will be (the Prophet) Abraham Al-Khalil. Then will be brought some men of my followers who will be taken towards the left (i.e., to the Fire), and I will say: ‘O Lord! My companions whereupon Allah will say: You do not know what they did after you left them. I will then say as the pious slave Jesus said, “And I was witness over them while I dwelt amongst them……….(up to) …the All-Wise.'” (5.117-118). The narrator added: Then it will be said that those people (relegated from Islam, that is) kept on turning on their heels (deserted Islam). ]]
In the above hadith, the wording in nearly all of them is LA TADRI which to a modern arab may mean don’t know but in classical Arabic itmeans you don’t know by your own ability- in other words you don’t know by your own investigation but only because Allah revealed it to you. The other point to make here is that when someone asks a question in the Qur’aan and the Sunnah it is not always because they don’t know it is for the saking of educating others.
Now this is a additional reply from my Side
Even Allah asks questions in Quran even after knowing every thing
Quranic example #1
Look this ayath
“And what is that in your right hand, O Musa (Moses)?”
( Taha, Chapter #20, Verse #17)
Quranic example #2
Allah asked Shatan [devil ] a question
And surely, We created you (your father Adam) and then gave you shape (the noble shape of a human being), then We told the angels, “Prostrate to Adam”, and they prostrated, except Iblîs (Satan), he refused to be of those who prostrate.
(Allâh) said: “What prevented you (O Iblîs) that you did not prostrate, when I commanded you?” Iblîs said: “I am better than him (Adam), You created me from fire, and him You created from clay.”
[Quran 7: 11-12]
So according to same logic and Hikmah which Allah [swt] used will any one say that Allah [swt] didn’t actually knew about Shatan motives or what was in his heart , Naoozbila min zalik.
There are several instances when Prophet (صلی اللہ علیھ وآلھ وسلم) revealed the unseen and many thing to Sahabas (رضي الله عنه) and many instances when Prophet (صلی اللہ علیھ وآلھ وسلم) remained silent.
Secondly even in above mention hadith the Prophet (صلی اللہ علیھ وآلھ وسلم) informs about the future in the past which shows that Allah [swt] has already granted Prophet (صلی اللہ علیھ وآلھ وسلم) the knowledge of unseen even of this incident. Rest I hope the arabic translation issue is cleared here .
Now to prove the fact that there are No Contradictions in Al Quran and Sahih hadiths I will show the following hadiths, This is a reply from me
Hadith # 1
Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, Book 10, Number 515:
“Narrated Anas bin Malik: Allah’s Apostle came out as the sun declined at mid-day and offered the Zuhr prayer. He then stood on the pulpit and spoke about the Hour (Day of Judgment) and said that in it there would be tremendous things. He then said, “Whoever likes to ask me about anything he can do so and I shall reply as long as I am at this place of mine. Most of the people wept and the Prophet said repeatedly, “Ask me.” Abdullah bin Hudhafa As-Sahmi stood up and said, “Who is my father?” The Prophet said, “Your father is The Prophet repeatedly said, “Ask me.” Then Umar knelt before him and said, “We are pleased with Allah as our Lord, Islam as our religion, and Muhammad as our Prophet.” The Prophet then became quiet and said, “Paradise and Hell-fire were displayed in front of me on this wall just now and I have never seen a better thing (than the former) and a worse thing (than the latter).”
Hadith # 2
Sahih Al Bukhari, Book 3, Number 115:
“Narrated Um Salama: One night Allah’s Apostle got up and said, “Subhan Allah! How many afflictions have been descended tonight and how many treasures have been disclosed! Go and wake the sleeping lady occupants of these dwellings (his wives) up (for prayers). A well-dressed (soul) in this world may be naked in the Hereafter.”
Hadith # 3
Sahih Al Bukhari, Book 23, Number 428:
“Narrated ‘Uqba bin ‘Amir: One day the Prophet went out and offered the funeral prayers of the martyrs of Uhud and then went up the pulpit and said, “I will pave the way for you as your predecessor and will be a witness on you. By Allah! I see my Fount (Kauthar) just now and I have been given the keys of all the treasures of the earth (or the keys of the earth). By Allah! I am not afraid that you will worship others along with Allah after my death, but I am afraid that you will fight with one another for the worldly things.”
Hadith # 4
Sahih Al Bukhari, Book 59, Number 411:
“Narrated Uqba: One day the Prophet went out and offered the (funeral) prayer for the people (i.e. martyrs) of Uhud as he used to offer a funeral prayer for any dead person, and then (after returning) he ascended the pulpit and said, “I am your predecessor before you, and I am a witness upon you, and I am looking at my Tank just now, and I have been given the keys of the treasures of the world (or the keys of the world). By Allah, I am not afraid that you will worship others besides Allah after me, but I am afraid that you will compete with each other for (the pleasures of) this world.”
Hadith # 5
Sahih Muslim, Book 030, Number 5825: “
Anas b. Malik reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) stood when the sun had passed the meridian and he led them noon prayer and after observing salutations (completing the prayer) he stood upon the pulpit and talked about the Last Hour and made a mention of the important facts prior to it and then said: He who desires to ask anything from me let him ask me about it. By Allah, I shall not move from this place so long as I do not inform you about that which you ask.
Hadith # 6
Sahih Al Bukhari, Volume 2, Book 22, Number 303:
“Narrated ‘Aisha: Once the sun eclipsed and Allah’s Apostle stood up for the prayer and recited a very long Sura and when bowed for a long while and then raised his head and started reciting another Sura. Then he bowed, and after finishing, he prostrated and did the same in the second Raka and then said, “These (lunar and solar eclipses) are two of the signs of Allah and if you see them, pray till the eclipse is over. No doubt, while standing at this place I saw EVERYTHING promised to me by Allah and I saw (Paradise) and I wanted to pluck a bunch (of grapes) therefrom, at the time when you saw me stepping forward. No doubt, I saw Hell with its different parts destroying each other when you saw me retreating and in it I saw ‘Amr bin Luhai who started the tradition of freeing animals (set them free) in the name of idols.”[/SIZE]
Hadith # 7
Narrated Mu’adh ibn Jabal
Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) was detained one morning from observing the dawn prayer (in congregation) along with us till the sun had almost appeared on the horizon. He then came out hurriedly and Iqamah for prayer was observed and he conducted it (prayer) in brief form. When he had concluded the prayer by saying As-salamu alaykum wa Rahmatullah, he called out to us saying: Remain in your places as you were. Then turning to us he said: I am going to tell you what detained me from you (on account of which I could not join you in the prayer) in the morning. I got up in the night and performed ablution and observed the prayer as had been ordained for me. I dozed in my prayer till I was overcome by (sleep) and lo and lo, I found myself in the presence of my Lord, the Blessed and the Glorious, in the best form. He said: Muhammad! I said: At Thy service, my Lord. He said: What these highest angels contend about? I said: I do not know. He repeated it thrice. He said: Then I saw Him put his palms between my shoulder blades till I felt the coldness of his fingers between the two sides of my chest. Then everything was illuminated for me and I recognized everything. He said: Muhammad! I said: At Thy service, my Lord. He said: What do these high angels contend about? I said: In regard to expiations. He said: What are these? I said: Going on foot to join congregational prayers, sitting in the mosques after the prayers, performing ablution well despite difficulties. He again said: Then what do they contend? I said: In regard to the ranks. He said: What are these? I said: Providing of food, speaking gently, observing the prayer when the people are asleep. He again said to me: Beg (Your Lord) and say: O Allah, I beg of Thee (power) to do good deeds, and abandon abominable deeds, to love the poor, that Thou forgive me and show mercy to me and when Thou intendst to put people to trial Thou causes me to die unblemished and I beg of Thee Thy love and the love of one who loves Thee and the love for the deed which brings me near to Thy love. Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: It is a truth, so learn it and teach it.
►Transmitted by Ahmad, Tirmidhi who said: This is a “Hasan Sahih” hadith and I asked Muhammad ibn Isma’il (i.e. Imam Bukhari) about this hadith and he said: It is a “Hassan Sahih” hadith. (Sunnan Tirimdhi, Volume No. 5, Page No. 368-369, Tafsir Surah S’ad, Hadith No. 3235)
Even Hadrat Umar [ra] according to a authentic hadith having reliable chain of narration witnessed acts of Sahabas [ra] and helped them from far away
Hadith # 8
When Umar ibn Khattab sent out an army, he appointed a man named Sariyah as their leader. Then while Umar was delivering the Khutbah he started shouting, ‘O Sariyah, the mountain! O Sariyah, the mountain, the mountain!’ Then a messenger from the army came and he questioned him [concerning the army], he said, ‘O Leader of the Believers! We met with the enemy and they had [almost] defeated us, then a voice proclaimed, ‘O Sariyah, the mountain![يَا سَارِيَ الْجَبَل.]’ So we put our backs against the mountain and Allah vanquished them.’
References and source of above hadith
مشکوٰة المصابيح : 546) [sunni book of hadith miskat ul masabih ]
(دلائل النبوّه لأبی نعيم : 507)
(کنزالعمال، 12 : 35788)
►Abu Nuaym narrated it in Dala’il-un-nubuwwah (p.507)
► Khatib Tabrizi, Mishkat ul masabih, b. of fadail (virtues) ch.8 (3:318#5954)
► Ibn Asakir in Tahdhib tarikh Dimashq al-kabir generally known as Tarikh/Tahdhib Ibn ‘Asakir
►Ibn Kathir in al-Bidayah wan-nihayah (5:210-1) and declared its chain of authorities as excellent and fair (jayyid hasan);
►Asqalani graded its chain of transmission hasan (fair) in al isabah fi tamyiz is sahabah (2:3)
► ‘Ali al-Hindi, Kanz-ul-‘ummal (12:571,572,573 #35788-91);
►‘Ajlawni, Kashf-ul-khifa wa muzil-ul-ilbas (2:514#3172);
► and Albani in Silsilat-ul-ahadithh-is-sahihah (#1110).
► Ibn Taymiyyah, The Decisive Criterion between the Friends of Allah and the Friends of Shaitain,(page 316)]
Hadith # 9
Hazrat-e-Salma (Radiallahutala’anhaa) says that once I visited the house of Ummul Momineen Hazrat-e-Umme Salma (Radiallahutala’anhaa).She says that Hazrat-e-Umme Salma was crying.I asked her that “Why are you Crying?”.Ummul Momeneen Hazrat-e-Salma (Radiallahutala’anhaa) replied,”I saw Rasulallah
(صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم) in my dream, in a state that the blessed Hair and Beard of Rasulallah (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم) was coverd with soil. I asked Yaa Rasulallahwhat is the reason behind this state of yours? Rasulallahreplied “Just now I went to the place where my beloved Hussain got Martyred.”
►Tirmidhi Sharif,Baab-Manaqib-e-Ahle Bait,Hadith no.1706,Vol 2,Pg 218
This Proves that Rasulallah (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم) has been given power by Allah(عزوجل) to be present(Hazir) with his Jism-e-Mubarak (Body) anywhere he wishes even after he passed away.. SubhaanAllah
Hadith # 10
· Hazrat Saeed bin Suwaid Narrates that He heard Hazrat Abu Saeed Ansari saying, that Rasulallah said: “When anyone from you enter the Masjid, he should send Salaam on Nabi-e-Kareem
►Abu Dawood sharif, kitaab ul Salaah , Baab Maa yaku lur’rajulu inda Dukhuli’hil Masjid, Hadith no.462,vol no. 1, pg. 217 ;
►Sunan Ibn Majah , Baab ul Dua e inda Dukhulil Masjid , vol 1, Hadith no 818 , Pg. 237]
This proves that Rasulallah (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم) is present in every Masjid. SubhaanAllah!
Hadith # 11
Narrated by Hazrat Ukba bin Aamir, “The Holy Prophet
has said, “Hauze-Kauthar is the meeting place (for us) and I see it from here.”
►Mishkaat Sharif, Hadith no 5704, Baabul-Karaamat, Baabu Wafaatin-Nabi Vol. 3.pg no 204
Hadith # 12
Narated By Hazrat Anas: The Prophet had informed the people of the martyrdom of Zaid, Ja’far and Ibn Rawaha before the news of their death reached. The Prophet said, “Zaid took the flag (as the commander of the army) and was martyred, then Ja’far took it and was martyred, and then Ibn Rawaha took it and was martyred.” At that time the Prophet’s eyes were shedding tears. He added, “Then the flag was taken by a Sword amongstthe Swords of Allah (i.e. Khalid binWalid and Allah made them (i.e. the Muslims) victorious.”
►Sahih Bukhari, Hadith no 1403, Kitaab ul Magazee ,Baboo Gazwa-e-Muta, Jild 2, Pg 621
►Mishkaat Sharif, Kitaab ul Fitan, Baab ul Mujizaat, Hadith no .5635 ,vol no.3, Pg no. 172
It is ascertained from this that whatever was happening at Beere-Maoona, which is quite some distance from Madina Munawara, was being witnessed by the Holy Prophet (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم) whilst he was in Madina Munawara.
Hadith # 13
Hazrat Abu Hurraira reported that Sayyidnah Rasulallah led the prayer for Zuhr. A man who was standing in the last row prayed in wrong manner .After performing the Salaah ,Rasulallahturned towards him and said,” “O so and so, Dont you fear Allah? Dont you see how you say your prayers? Do you think that whatever you do is hidden from me? I swear in the name
of Allah, “I see what is behind me in the same way I see what is in front of me”
►Mishkaat Sharif, Hadith no.755, Baabu Taswiyatis-saff, vol 1 , pg no 174
Similar narrations by Hazrat Anas bin Maalik is recorded
► in Sahih Bukhari , Hadith no 464,pg 178 and Hadith no 476,pg 203, Kitaab ul Azaan ,Vol 3
Hadith # 14
· Narrated by Usama bin Zaid “Once, the Holy Prophet stood on a bill of Madina Munnawara and asked the Sahaaba, “Do you see what I see?” They submitted “No.” He replied, “I see fitna on your homes just as how rain falls on them.
► Mishkaat Sharif, Kitaab ul Fitan, Section 1,Hadith no.5152, Vol 3 , pg.8
This establishes that he was seeing the fitna of Yazeed and Hajjaj bin Yusuf, which were to occur after some time.
Hadith # 15
· Narrated by Hazrat Ibn Umar : “Hadrat Umar sent Hadrat Saariya to Nahaawind as the commander of an army. While performing a Khutba in Madina, he began to proclaim, “Saariya !Take the mountain!” After some time, a messenger from that army arrived and said, “The enemies were just about to defeat us when we heard a voice say, “Saariya Take that mountain!” So we put our backs towards the mountain and Allah( عزوجل)gave them defeat.
►Mishkaat Sharif, Baab ul Karaamat, ,Hadith no.5700, Vol 3 , pg.202
Hadith # 16
“The Holy Prophet on the authority of Hazrat Saubaan has said, “ Allah collected the earth for me and I saw the easts and wests of it.”
► Mishkaat Sharif , Baabu-Fadaaili Sayyidil-Mursaleen with ref to Muslim , Hadith no. 5503, pg.121 , vol 3
Hadith # 17
Abu Huraira reported: I heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who saw me in a dreamwould soon see me in the state of wakefulness, or as if he saw me in a state of wakefulness, for the satan does not appear in my form.
(Sahih Muslim ,Book #029, Hadith #5636)
Hadith # 18
عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رضي الله عنه أَنَّ رَسُوْلَ اﷲِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم قَالَ : مَا مِنْ أَحَدٍ يُسَلِّمُ عَلَيَّ إِلَّا رَدَّ اﷲُ عَلَيَّ رُوْحِي، حَتَّي أَرُدَّ عَلَيْهِ السَّلَامَ
Narated By AbuHurayrah:
The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: If any one of you greets me, Allah returns my soul to me and I respond to the greeting.
[Abu Dawud Book 004, Hadith Number 2036: Hadith has Sahih Chain]
Hadith # 19
Hadith : Every Human being Meets with Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) in grave
Narrated Al-Bara’ ibn Azib:
We went out with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) accompanying the bier of a man of the Ansar. When we reached his grave, it was not yet dug. So the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) sat down and we also sat down around him as if birds were over our heads. He had in his hand a stick with which he was scratching the ground.
He then raised his head and said: Seek refuge with Allah from the punishment in the grave. He said it twice or thrice.
The version of Jabir adds here: He hears the beat of their sandals when they go back, and at that moment he is asked: O so and so! Who is your Lord, what is your religion, and who is your Prophet?
Hannad’s version says: Two angels will come to him, make him sit up and ask him: Who is your Lord?
He will reply: My Lord is Allah. They will ask him: What is your religion? He will reply: My religion is Islam. They will ask him: What is your opinion about the man who was sent on a mission among you? He will reply: He is the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). They will ask: Who made you aware of this? He will reply: I read Allah’s Book, believed in it, and considered it true; which is verified by Allah’s words: “Allah’s Book, believed in it, and considered it true, which is verified by Allah’s words: “Allah establishes those who believe with the word that stands firm in this world and the next.”
[Sunan Dawud Book 40 Hadith 4735 ]
Every human being sees Prophet [salehalawalihi wasalam] in Grave
100s of people die every hour, And hundereds are buried in graves, According to authentic hadiths Prophet [salehalawalihi wasalam] visits every one and following Question is asked
If Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) can visit grave of every person who dies with will of Allah than what is left ?
Quran says even Angel of Death is Hadir o Nazir
Say: “The angel of death, who is set over you, will take your souls, then you shall be brought to your Lord.” [32:11]
Tafsir Ibn Khatir proves Angel of death is Hazir o Nadhir too
حويت له الأرض، فجعلت مثل الطست يتناول منها متى يشاء
The earth is brought together for him and it is like a platter from which he takes whenever he wants.”
والله ما من بيت فيه أحد من أهل الدنيا، إلا وملك الموت يقوم على بابه كل يوم سبع مرات
He even visits every house on land and under water five times a day
[Tafsir Ibn Kathir, Surah Sajdah, under verse 11]
So believing that Angel of death is Hadir o nazir is wrong too#